- A Modern Herbal, by Mrs. M. Grieve Home Page


Botanical: Echinacea angustifolia (DE CANDOLLE)
Family: N.O. Compositae

---Synonyms---Black Sampson. Coneflower. Niggerhead. Rudbeckia. Brauneria pallida (Nutt.).
---Parts Used---Root, dried; also rhizome.
---Habitat---America, west of Ohio, and cultivated in Britain.

---Description---Named Echinacea by Linnaeus, and Rudbeckia, after Rudbeck, father and son, who were his predecessors at Upsala.

The flowers are a rich purple and the florets are seated round a high cone; seeds, four-sided achenes. Root tapering, cylindrical, entire, slightly spiral, longitudinally furrowed; fracture short, fibrous; bark thin; wood, thick, in alternate porous, yellowish and black transverse wedges, and the rhizome has a circular pith. It has a faint aromatic smell, with a sweetish taste, leaving a tingling sensation in the mouth not unlike Aconitum napellus, but without its lasting numbing effect.

---Constituents---Oil and resin both in wood and bark and masses of inulin, inuloid, sucrose, vulose, betaine, two phytosterols and fatty acids, oleic, cerotic, linolic and palmatic.

---Medicinal Action and Uses---Echinacea increases bodily resistance to infection and is used for boils, erysipelas, septicaemia, cancer, syphilis and other impurities of the blood, its action being antiseptic. It has also useful properties as a strong alterative and aphrodisiac. As an injection, the extract has been used for haemorrhoids and a tincture of the fresh root has been found beneficial in diphtheria and putrid fevers.

---Other Species---
Echinacea purpurea has similar properties to E. angustifolia; the fresh root of this is the part used.

Purchase from Richters Seeds
Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea) Seeds
Magnus Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus') Seeds
Primadonna Deep Rose Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea 'Primadonna Deep Rose') Seeds
Primadonna White Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea 'Primadonna White') Seeds
White Swan Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea 'White Swan') Seeds
Narrowleaf Echinacea {Echinacea angustifolia} Seeds
Pale-Purple Echinacea (Echinacea pallida) Seeds
Yellow Echinacea (Echinacea paradoxa) Seeds

Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea) Plants
Fragrant Angel Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea 'Fragrant Angel') Plants
Ruby Giant Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea 'Ruby Giant') Plants
White Swan Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea 'White Swan') Plants
Narrowleaf Echinacea (Echinacea angustifolia) Plants
Flame Thrower Echinacea (Echinacea 'Flame Thrower') Plants
Mac N Cheese Echinacea (Echinacea 'Mac N Cheese') Plants
Maui Sunshine Echinacea (Echinacea 'Maui Sunshine') Plants
Tangerine Dream Echinacea (Echinacea 'Tangerine Dream') Plants
Tiki Torch Echinacea (Echinacea 'Tiki Torch') Plants
Tomato Soup Echinacea (Echinacea 'Tomato Soup') Plants

Common Name Index

Bear in mind "A Modern Herbal" was written with the conventional wisdom of the early 1900's. This should be taken into account as some of the information may now be considered inaccurate, or not in accordance with modern medicine.

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